The sculptures were a funerary representation of the first Chinese Emperor Qin Shi Huang's armies, meant to be buried with him to protect him in the afterlife. Not only were there figures of soldiers and generals, but also horses, as well as other members of the royal court such as officials, lawyers, accountants, musicians and acrobats. Only a fraction of the sculptures have currently been unearthed.
The gift shop displayed drawings of "Four Ancient Beauties" from different dynasties centuries apart. A famous quote describes how beautiful each one was. Xi Shi (7BC) caused fish to forget how to swim, Wang Zhaojun (1BC) could entice birds to fall from the sky, Diaochan (3AD) made the moon shy away and Yang Guei Fei put the flowers to shame. As part of our tour, we were given a demonstration of how to tell real jade from fakes, based on its colour and transparency to light. Overly green or non-translucent items were more likely to be fake.